What are bed bugs?

Bed bugs are small, wingless insects that feed solely on the blood of warm-blooded animals. Bed bugs and their relatives have evolved as nest parasites. Certain kinds inhabit bird nests and bat roosts and await the return of their hosts; others have adapted well to living in the ‘nests’ of people.

Hatchling bed bugs are about the size of a poppy seed, and adults are about 1/4 of an inch in length. From above they are oval in shape, but they are flattened from top to bottom.

Their color ranges from nearly white (just after molting) or a light tan to a deep brown or burnt orange. The host’s blood may appear as a dark red or black mass within the bug’s body. Because they never develop wings, bed bugs cannot fly. When disturbed, bed bugs actively seek shelter in dark cracks and crevices. Cast skins of bed bugs are sometimes discovered. Although such a finding confirms that bed bugs had been present previously, it does not mean that any continue to infest the residence.

Bed bugs seek out people and animals, generally at night while these hosts are asleep. While feeding, they inject a tiny amount of their saliva into the skin. Repeated exposures to bed bug bites during a period of several weeks or more causes people to become sensitized to the saliva of these bugs; additional bites may then result in mild to intense allergic responses. The skin lesion produced by the bite of a bed bug resembles those caused by many other kinds of blood-feeding insects, such as mosquitoes and fleas. The offending insect, therefore, can rarely be identified by the appearance of the bites. Despite what you may have heard or read elsewhere, bed bugs are not known to transmit any infectious agents.

Luckily, Wondercide Indoor Pest Control will eliminate bed bugs without harsh chemicals. It kills all stages of the pest lifecycle, so you can knock out an infestation in a single day without resorting to expensive heat treatments and harsh chemical sprays.

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